What effect has the tragedy that occurred on September 11th 2001 had on international security measures at the United Nations? : a thesis presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Master of Aviation Management at Massey University, Albany, Palmerston North, New Zealand
The tragedy of 11th September 2001 (9/11), took place on United
States soil, and deeply affected the psyche of American people.
Many other countries and organisations based within those
countries, suddenly felt much more vulnerable from terrorist
attacks. One such organisation was the United Nations (UN).
Furthermore, in August 2003, the UN suffered its own major
security disaster, "Some officials called it the UN's own version of
9/11" (D. Pitt, 2004); with the bombing of its Baghdad office in
Iraq and loss of twenty two UN staff members' lives.
For the UN, with offices all around the world, ensuring that its
buildings are secure and its staff members are safe is a complicated
business as it is usually reliant on the Host Government to assist
with the security and safety of its staff, which can create
complications in war torn and beleaguered countries.
The UN therefore has the difficult task of ensuring security needs
are being achieved in its locations worldwide; whilst still achieving
the following efforts in those locations:
"to prevent violent conflict, resolve conflicts that have erupted,
protect civilians and deliver humanitarian assistance, keep the
peace when combatants have reached a truce, and build lasting
peace in the aftermath of war,,. (Kofi Annan, UN SecretaryGeneral,
This thesis therefore seeks to explore the ongoing effects that the
9/11 tragedy has had on international security measures in the UN.
It will explore internal (to the UN) and external documents,
newspaper articles, books, web articles and other material to
present a comprehensive document on these measures. This thesis
will also discuss the issues that have hampered the UWs endeavors
to counter terrorism through a number of UN conventions, which
address specific factions and acts, but with no international agreed
definition of terrorism.