Cognitive models of psychopathology suggest that negatively biased thinking styles are involved in the development and maintenance of emotional disturbances. This study examined the relationships between cognitive errors and self-reported symptoms of anxiety and depression in a large sample of Greek adolescents, aged 12 to 18 years (N = 883). The Children’s Negative Cognitive Error Questionnaire was used to measure four types of cognitive errors. The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory assessed anxiety and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale assessed depression. As hypothesised, results indicated that cognitive distortions were significantly associated with and predictive of greater levels of symptoms of anxiety and depression. This study provides empirical data on the role of dysfunctional cognitive processing and emotional disturbance, thereby identifying primary targets for intervention and prevention programmes for adolescents.
New Zealand Psychological Society Annual Conference: Building bridges: Dialogues across Psychology: Whakatina: Ngā kōrero o te Mātai Hinengaro, Auckland, New Zealand, The New Zealand Psychological Society, pp. 39 - 40 (2), 2013