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TY - THES
AB - This thesis considers mathematical modelling of self-heating of cellulosic materials,
and in particular the effects of moisture on the heating characteristics. Following an
introductory chapter containing a literature review, Chapter 2 presents some
preliminary results and an industrial case study. The case study, which discusses a
'dry' body self-heating on a hot surface, investigates the following questions : (i)
how hot can the surfa e get before ignition is likely? (ii) how well does the (slab like)
boy approximate to an infinite slab? and (iii) how valid is the Frank Kamenetskii
approximation for the source term? It is shown that the minimal stea dy
state temperature profile is stable when the temperature of the hot surface is below a
certain critical value, and bounds for the higher steady state profile are derived.
Chapter 3 presents the thermo dynamic derivation of a reaction-diffusion model for
the self-heating of a moist cellulosic body, including the effects of direct chemical
oxi dation as well as those of a further exothermic hydrolysis reaction and the
evaporation and condensation of water. The model contains three main variables: the
temperature of the body, the liquid water concentration in the body, and the water
vapour concentration in the body. Chapter 4 investigates the limiting case of the
model equations as the thermal conductivity and diffusivity of the body be come
large. In particular it is shown that, in this limiting case, the model can have at least
twenty-five distinct bifurcation diagrams, compared with only two for the well
known model without the effects of moisture content. In Chapter 5 the maximum
principle and the methods of upper and lower solutions are used to derive existence,
uniqueness and multiplicity results for the steady state solutions of the spatially
distributed model. Finally, in Chapter 6, existence and uniqueness results for the
time dependent spatially distributed model are derived.
N2 - This thesis considers mathematical modelling of self-heating of cellulosic materials,
and in particular the effects of moisture on the heating characteristics. Following an
introductory chapter containing a literature review, Chapter 2 presents some
preliminary results and an industrial case study. The case study, which discusses a
'dry' body self-heating on a hot surface, investigates the following questions : (i)
how hot can the surfa e get before ignition is likely? (ii) how well does the (slab like)
boy approximate to an infinite slab? and (iii) how valid is the Frank Kamenetskii
approximation for the source term? It is shown that the minimal stea dy
state temperature profile is stable when the temperature of the hot surface is below a
certain critical value, and bounds for the higher steady state profile are derived.
Chapter 3 presents the thermo dynamic derivation of a reaction-diffusion model for
the self-heating of a moist cellulosic body, including the effects of direct chemical
oxi dation as well as those of a further exothermic hydrolysis reaction and the
evaporation and condensation of water. The model contains three main variables: the
temperature of the body, the liquid water concentration in the body, and the water
vapour concentration in the body. Chapter 4 investigates the limiting case of the
model equations as the thermal conductivity and diffusivity of the body be come
large. In particular it is shown that, in this limiting case, the model can have at least
twenty-five distinct bifurcation diagrams, compared with only two for the well
known model without the effects of moisture content. In Chapter 5 the maximum
principle and the methods of upper and lower solutions are used to derive existence,
uniqueness and multiplicity results for the steady state solutions of the spatially
distributed model. Finally, in Chapter 6, existence and uniqueness results for the
time dependent spatially distributed model are derived.
M3 - Doctoral
PY - 1991
KW - Sponteneous combustion
KW - Heat of combustion
KW - Cellulose
KW - Combustion
KW - Mathematical models
KW - Mathematics
PB - Massey University
AU - Sisson, Robert Anthony
TI - On mathematical modelling of the self-heating of cellulosic materials : a thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Mathematics at Massey University, New Zealand
LA - en
VL - Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
DA - 1991
UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10179/4207
ER -