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dc.contributor.authorLopez Campbell, IFen_US
dc.contributor.authorKemp, PDen_US
dc.date.available2016-04-12en_US
dc.date.issued2016-04-12en_US
dc.identifier.citationGrassland Research and Practice, 2016, 16 pp. 289 - 297en_US
dc.identifier.issn0110-8581en_US
dc.description.abstractThe 4 million ha of hill country pastures in New Zealand grow mostly on steep slopes and soils of naturally low soil fertility. Pastures are based on approximately 25 exotic species introduced within the last 130 years after the forest was cleared and burnt. Despite the environmental constraints and naturalised species, hill country is a major contributor to agricultural exports. The landscape and the pastures are spatially GLYHUVH ZLWK VORSH DQG DVSHFW VWURQJO\ LQÀXHQFLQJ the abundance and production of pasture species. The number of pasture species present is relatively stable, but the relative abundance of high fertility grass species (e.g. perennial ryegrass, Lolium perenne), low fertility grass species (e.g. browntop, Agrostis capillaris) and legumes (e.g. white clover, Trifolium repens) can be shifted towards high fertility grass species and legumes through the interaction of phosphate fertiliser application and grazing decisions (that is, sheep versus cattle, stocking rate, grazing management). Increased proportions of desirable species and improved soil fertility and structure can support sustainable farming systems. There are challenges such as soil erosion and nutrient loss into waterways, but these are more readily managed when the pastoral system is productive and SUR¿WDEOH Keywoen_US
dc.format.extent289 - 297en_US
dc.languageenglishen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://www.grassland.org.nz/publications/nzgrassland_publication_2796.pdfen_US
dc.subjectslopeen_US
dc.subjectpasture conditionen_US
dc.subjectbrowntopen_US
dc.subjectperennial ryegrassen_US
dc.subjectsoil characteristicsen_US
dc.titleHill country pastures in the southern North Island of New Zealand: an overviewen_US
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.citation.volume16en_US
dc.description.confidentialfalseen_US
dc.identifier.elements-id351623
dc.relation.isPartOfGrassland Research and Practiceen_US
dc.identifier.eissn2463-4751en_US
dc.description.publication-statusPublisheden_US
pubs.organisational-group/Massey University
pubs.organisational-group/Massey University/College of Sciences
dc.identifier.harvestedMassey_Dark
pubs.notesNot knownen_US


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