Factors which influenced the reorganisation of a sub-district administration programme (an evaluation study of planning in Mataram City, Lombok, Indonesia) : a thesis completed and submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Resource and Environmental Planning (M.R.P.), Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
Inequality between sub-district institutions as centres of public services within Mataram City area and the growth of Mataram city's population is projected to be an alarming problem to maintaining a continuous, good quality of public service. At the same time, all government regions, including Mataram City, have to comply with new physical regulations, required to be in existence by the central government of Indonesia, in order to govern each regional territory. These two mandates legitimise the government of Mataram City in the implementation of a programme called the reorganisation of the sub-district by means of a division of sub-district territories and their administrations'. This research attempts to evaluate the implementation of this programme, by focussing on factors such as stakeholders' influence, boundary determination and demography. In addition, it also addresses the assistance to be offered to policymakers in Mataram City, to determine suitable locations for the newly reorganised sub-districts, in terms of public services accessibility for the local community. Many types of research methods were involved, in order to investigate and then evaluate the process of the sub-district reorganisation programme, including the use of interviews and questionnaire instruments for selected city stakeholders. Similar information relating to sub-national reorganisation programme implementation, undertaken by advanced countries, was gained from online sources, to make comparisons with regional government experiences in Indonesia, in order that the criteria of a sub-national reorganisation could be attained. It can be evaluated that the government of Mataram City is the most influential stakeholder in setting up the direction of a sub-district reorganisation programme, although, to some extent, parts of their collaborative planning lay an emphasis on involving other city stakeholders and thus they demonstrate local democracy. However, most of the sub-district reorganisation programme, in the case of Indonesia, is conducted by means of territorial division, to the extent that development financial assistance is available from central government. It can be noted that sub-national reorganisation programmes, in the case of advanced countries, are generally implemented by the use of an amalgamation system, in order to avoid unnecessary expenses during public services provision. The Government of Mataram City believe that, through the reorganisation programme, which divides the existing sub-districts territory, there will be a reduction in the inequality between resources at sub-district level, thus providing direct public services to the growing population. In addition, the demographic situation was considered by the sub-district reorganisation programme team, at a communal meeting, in order to anticipate any escalation of conflict that may occur, due to the multicultural situation in Mataram City. It suggested that the policy to redistribute available resources, at the sub-district level, should be accompanied by a determination to find appropriate locations for the new sub-districts offices in order to provide better public service quality, particularly in relation to accessibility to service centres.