Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorRangel-Santos, Raymundo
dc.date.accessioned2012-02-23T20:29:24Z
dc.date.available2012-02-23T20:29:24Z
dc.date.issued1991
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10179/3103
dc.description.abstractThree trials using 6-7 month-old Romney ewe lambs and adult ewes were conducted to evaluate the feasibility of implementing a juvenile MOET scheme. Older lambs were used to evaluate ways of improving the ovulation rates in 3 additional trials, one of them involved Booroola-cross lambs. Studies were also carried out to develop and evaluate a technique for splitting sheep embryos, and these were transferred to recipient ewes. In the three trials involving superovulation and transfer a range of gonadotrophin treatments were used. The more highly purified preparations (FSH-P, Ovagen) gave lower responses compared with PMSG (1.78, 1.06 vs 4.18 respectively in Trial 3, P<0.01). Ovulation rate of ewe lambs relative to adult ewes in the 3 trials were respectively 1.20 vs 2.00 (P<0.01), 4.18 vs 6.35 and 1.61 vs 3.15. Overall, administration of GnRH did not significantly increase the ovulation rates, although lambs treated with PMSG + GnRH tended to give higher responses. Egg recovery was higher in most cases in adults than in lambs (91% vs 55%, P<0.01; 72% vs 47%. P<0.01; 34% vs 43%, for trials 1, 2 and 3 respectively). Fertilization rate in trial 1 was lower in lambs than in adults (50% vs 82%, P<0.05) but not different in trials 3 and 5, probably due to the use of intrauterine insemination. Ovulation rate was not improved by treating lambs at 8-9 months of age or by administering PMSG 2 or 4 days before sponge removal. Ovulation rates following gonadotrophin stimulation were higher in androstenedione-immunized ewe lambs than in non-immunized ewe lambs (2.22 vs 1.59. P<0.05). Booroola-cross lambs treated at 6-7 months of age gave considerably higher ovulation rates compared to those recorded in Romney lambs from another experiment conducted at the same time (3.79 vs 1.61). Lower embryo survival and incidence of twins were found for demi-embryos generated from 9-10 month-old lambs compared to those obtained from 24 months or older animals. Higher pregnancy rate and demi-embryo survival were found when bisecting blastocysts rather than morulae harvested in the same flush. A deterministic model incorporating parameters provided by the study showed that the limited number of lambs generated from lamb donors restricted the improvement in genetic progress.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherMassey Universityen_US
dc.rightsThe Authoren_US
dc.subjectSheepen_US
dc.subjectReproductionen_US
dc.subjectEmbryo transferen_US
dc.subjectMultiple ovulationen_US
dc.subjectRomney sheepen_US
dc.titleInvestigations into procedures for the implementation of a multiple ovulation and embryo transfer scheme using ewe lambs: a thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Animal Science at Massey Universityen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineAnimal Science
thesis.degree.grantorMassey University
thesis.degree.levelDoctoral
thesis.degree.levelDoctoralen
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)


Files in this item

Icon
Icon

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record