Whakaoranga whānau : a whānau resilience framework : a thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Public Health at Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand
This research explored the capacity of whanau (family, extended family) to overcome adversity, flourish and enjoy better health and well-being. While external factors, internal dynamics, and financial pressures often constrain capacity, whanau have nevertheless demonstrated an innate ability to respond to these challenges – to make use of limited resources, and to react in positive and innovative ways. Three key objectives were identified to help seek and understand Maori notions of whanau resilience and how they are utilised by whanau for positive growth and development. The three objectives were:
1. To identify resilience mechanisms which exist within whanau;
2. To consider the cultural underpinnings of resilience; and
3. To construct an evidenced based framework for resilient whanau.
A thematic analysis detailed the components of a Whanau Resilience Framework. The framework consists of four resilience platforms: (1) Whanaungatanga (networks and relationships); (2) Pukenga (skills and abilities); (3) Tikanga (values and beliefs); and (4) Tuakiri-a-Maori (cultural identity). This thesis highlights both the synergies and dissonance between Maori and non-Maori perspectives of resilience and how cultural factors might best guide Maori and whanau development. Insofar as this framework exhibits similar resilence strategies to other populations, it is at the micro-level where there are differences between Maori and other cultures or populations.
Chapter 4 published as: Neely, E., Walton, M.,
& Stephens, C. (2014). Young people's food
practices and social relationships - a thematic
analysis. Appetite, 82, 50-60. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2014.07.005
Chapter 7 to be published as: Neely, E., Walton, M., &
Stephens, C. (in press). Fostering relationships through food
rituals in a New Zealand school. Health Education.
Chapter 8 published as: Neely, E., Walton, M.,
& Stephens, C. (2015). Building school connectedness
through shared lunches. Health Education, 115(6), 554-569.
Chapter 9 to be published as: Neely, E., Walton, M.,
& Stephens, C. (in press) Food practices and
school connnectedness: A whole-school approach.