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Massey Research Online is an open access digital archive of the research and scholarship of Massey University and is jointly managed by the University Library and Information Technology Services.

Massey Research Online contains research theses and research outputs including published work by Massey University students and academic staff as well as peer-reviewed material not published elsewhere. In the case of previously published research outputs all requirements of copyright owners are observed.

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He whare maihi i tū ki te pā-tūwatawata : kaitiekitanga—an eternal thread of rangatiratanga : a Rongowhakaata perspective : a thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in Museum Studies at Massey University, Te Kunenga ki Pūrehuroa, Manawatū, Aotearoa
(Massey University, 2023) Nepe, Tapunga Jeremiah
Kaitiekitanga and taonga Māori held in museums are often decontextualised from source communities, and colonised alongside related concepts such as manaakitanga, whanaungatanga, and rangatiratanga, which have become bicultural hegemonic tick-the-box slogans. The holistic nature of kaitiekitanga and all its encompassing significance concerning taonga Māori is inextricably linked to tūrangawaewae. In the context of museums, it requires a form of reconciliation for it to be a living practice. This dissertation argues that ‘mana taonga’ represents a kin-based kaitiekitanga obligation and serves as a manifestation and affirmation of mauri whenua, mauri tangata, and mauri kōrero—reconnecting taonga with place, people, and knowledge. This all-encompassing approach preserves cultural identity and mātauranga Māori, empowering whānau, hapū, and iwi self-realisation and asserting self-determination. There is a growing body of pertinent literature addressing kaitiekitanga within the museum context. What remains silent is a Rongowhakaata iwi-centric focused study. At the heart of this qualitative research is an examination of kaitiekitanga with respect to taonga through the concept of mauri as a fundamental means of sustaining cultural identity from a Rongowhakaata perspective. This perspective is explored through three key case studies - Te Hau ki Tūranga; the Rongowhakaata iwi exhibition series (2016-2022), and Rongowhakaata taonga held abroad in UK museum collections. With a Kaupapa Māori methodology at the forefront, this research also includes documentary research, semi structured in-depth interviews, fieldwork, auto-ethnography, and participant observation methods. This research asserts the importance of intergenerational, kin-based kaitiekitanga, expressed through the holistic takapau, inextricably linked to tūrangawaewae, interweaving taonga with place, people, and knowledge. Thus, kaitiekitanga is manifested through the involvement of source communities, where the authority, management, and control of taonga rest with whānau, hapū, and iwi. The research reveals that reconnecting taonga in this way also means restoring kaitiekitanga. Thus, the role of museums should not be a means to an end but rather a conduit for whānau, hapū, and iwi, empowering them as active agents and shapers of their own destiny. Kaitiekitanga remains relevant today as a pā tūwatawata of identity, clearing a pathway forward through enculturation, adaptation, and innovation: a seed for regenerative transformation, an eternal thread of rangatiratanga.
The development of talent in adults : a thesis presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Masters in Education at Massey University
(The Author, 1999) Redwood, David John
Giftedness and talent in children has been a significant area of research and endeavour in education over nearly a century and there is a large body of literature on the subject available to researchers. However this is not the case for adult talent and the actual process of talent development in adults has not been explored in any depth, indeed it has been ignored to a certain extent in academic research. Additionally it seems to be assumed that the process of talent development in adults is the same or very similar to that in children. One of the central foci of this study is the proposition that talent development in adults does not follow the same process as that in children, indeed in many aspects it is quite different. Adults are not merely older children who perceive, judge and act in the same ways that children do and so why would they develop talent in the same way or for the same reasons that children do? The question is also asked as to whether an adult would have to be gifted in order to develop talent? In this study the life paths of a small group of talented individuals were investigated and major causal and a-causal influences identified in their histories. A form of enquiry was developed that focused on synthesising the various influences so as to interpret the process of talent development. This was termed Critical Life Path analysis and by using quantum and systems notions a description of life path processes was attempted. The Critical Life Path is viewed as a holistic, interconnected process in which the outcomes are determined by the combinative effects of critical influences identified by the participants and genetically based patterns of preference that resulted in timely and efficacious patterns of behaviour. These patterns of thinking and action enabled the individuals to increasingly construct supportive and special environments that were synchronous with their proposed inherited patterns of preference and to progress rapidly and effectively along unique paths of talent development.
Partnership, participation, and protection : reflections on collection management practices at the National Museum of the Royal New Zealand Navy : a research report presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in Museum Studies at Massey University, Manawatū, New Zealand
(Massey University, 2022) Ennen, Caroline Patricia
This report examines how the National Museum of the Royal New Zealand Navy (NMRNZN, Navy Museum) can ethically and respectfully incorporate te reo Māori into collection management processes, thereby making the collection more meaningful. Taking inspiration from te Tiriti o Waitangi / The Treaty of Waitangi, and the Royal New Zealand Navy’s (RNZN) Bicultural Policy, the Collections Department can develop processes to respond to the Museum’s unique social environment. Two significant events led to this research report; the first, installation of new art storage which started conversations about how management of that department could be improved. At a similar time, the RNZN Royal Guard of Honour received their orders in te reo Māori at the 2021 Waitangi Day commemorations for the first time. This highly significant event was the inspiration behind this research report with the aim of learning how we can use the principles of partnership, participation, and protection, to make the collection meaningful to RNZN personnel (Māori, Pākehā, and tauiwi) and their whānau. This research report uses the art of official RNZN artist, Colin Wynn as an example. To highlight the shortfalls in current collection management processes, early collection management systems have been analysed. These have then been compared to current museological literature which offers recommendations for institutions wishing to build or strengthen their bicultural practices and honour the principle of partnership as set down in te Tiriti o Waitangi. The link between Navy Museum practice and RNZN practice has been illustrated through a case study that looks at the experiences of personnel involved with the Royal Guard of Honour at Waitangi, and through a process of interviews, asks them the significance of using te reo Māori during a military ceremony with strong links to Aotearoa New Zealand’s colonial past. The research revealed that the Navy Museum has a lot of work to do to build meaningful partnerships with Māori service personnel. It was shown that the Navy Museum in partnership with, and with guidance from, Māori RNZN personnel, should be collecting and storing intangible knowledge associated with each piece of art. It is the kōrero and personal reminiscences of RNZN personnel that will give meaning to the Navy Museum collection.
Dual impacts of coronavirus anxiety on mental health in 35 societies
(Springer Nature Limited, 2021-04-26) Chen SX; Ng JCK; Hui BPH; Au AKY; Wu WCH; Lam BCP; Mak WWS; Liu JH
The spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has affected both physical health and mental well-being around the world. Stress-related reactions, if prolonged, may result in mental health problems. We examined the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health in a multinational study and explored the effects of government responses to the outbreak. We sampled 18,171 community adults from 35 countries/societies, stratified by age, gender, and region of residence. Across the 35 societies, 26.6% of participants reported moderate to extremely severe depression symptoms, 28.2% moderate to extremely severe anxiety symptoms, and 18.3% moderate to extremely severe stress symptoms. Coronavirus anxiety comprises two factors, namely Perceived Vulnerability and Threat Response. After controlling for age, gender, and education level, perceived vulnerability predicted higher levels of negative emotional symptoms and psychological distress, whereas threat response predicted higher levels of self-rated health and subjective well-being. People in societies with more stringent control policies had more threat response and reported better subjective health. Coronavirus anxiety exerts detrimental effects on subjective health and well-being, but also has the adaptive function in mobilizing safety behaviors, providing support for an evolutionary perspective on psychological adaptation.
Use of Predictive Analytics within Learning Analytics Dashboards: A Review of Case Studies
(Springer Nature BV, 2023-09) Ramaswami G; Susnjak T; Mathrani A; Umer R
Learning analytics dashboards (LADs) provide educators and students with a comprehensive snapshot of the learning domain. Visualizations showcasing student learning behavioral patterns can help students gain greater self-awareness of their learning progression, and at the same time assist educators in identifying those students who may be facing learning difficulties. While LADs have gained popularity, existing LADs are still far behind when it comes to employing predictive analytics into their designs. Our systematic literature review has revealed limitations in the utilization of predictive analytics tools among existing LADs. We find that studies leveraging predictive analytics only go as far as identifying the at-risk students and do not employ model interpretation or explainability capabilities. This limits the ability of LADs to offer data-driven prescriptive advice to students that can offer them guidance on appropriate learning adjustments. Further, published studies have mostly described LADs that are still at prototype stages; hence, robust evaluations of how LADs affect student outcomes have not yet been conducted. The evaluations until now are limited to LAD functionalities and usability rather than their effectiveness as a pedagogical treatment. We conclude by making recommendations for the design of advanced dashboards that more fully take advantage of machine learning technologies, while using suitable visualizations to project only relevant information. Finally, we stress the importance of developing dashboards that are ultimately evaluated for their effectiveness.