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dc.contributor.authorMusk, GCen_US
dc.contributor.authorJacobsen, Sen_US
dc.contributor.authorHyndman, THen_US
dc.contributor.authorLehmann, HSen_US
dc.contributor.authorTuke, SJen_US
dc.contributor.authorCollins, Ten_US
dc.contributor.authorGleerup, KBen_US
dc.contributor.authorJohnson, CBen_US
dc.contributor.authorLaurence, Men_US
dc.coverage.spatialSwitzerlanden_US
dc.date.available2017-09-28en_US
dc.date.available2017-09-25en_US
dc.date.issued2017-09-28en_US
dc.identifierhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28956843en_US
dc.identifierani7100076en_US
dc.identifier.citationAnimals (Basel), 2017, 7 (10)en_US
dc.identifier.issn2076-2615en_US
dc.description.abstractThe aim of the study was to assess pain in Bos indicus bull calves following surgical castration. Forty-two animals were randomised to four groups: no castration (NC, n = 6); castration with pre-operative lidocaine (CL, n = 12); castration with pre-operative meloxicam (CM, n = 12); and, castration alone (C, n = 12). Bodyweight was measured regularly and pedometers provided data on activity and rest from day -7 (7 days prior to surgery) to 13. Blood was collected for the measurement of serum amyloid A (SAA), haptoglobin, fibrinogen, and iron on days 0, 3 and 6. Bodyweight and pedometry data were analysed with a mixed effect model. The blood results were analysed with repeated measure one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). There was no treatment effect on bodyweight or activity. The duration of rest was greatest in the CM group and lowest in the C group. There was a significant increase in the concentrations of SAA, haptoglobin, and fibrinogen in all of the groups from day 0 to 3. Iron concentrations were not different at the time points it was measured. The results of this study suggest that animals rest for longer periods after the pre-operative administration of meloxicam. The other objective assessments measured in this study were not able to consistently differentiate between treatment groups.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.relation.urihttp://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/7/10/76en_US
dc.rightsThis is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).en_US
dc.subjectAustraliaen_US
dc.subjectBrahmanen_US
dc.subjectanalgesiaen_US
dc.subjecthusbandryen_US
dc.subjectwelfareen_US
dc.titleObjective Measures for the Assessment of Post-Operative Pain in Bos indicus Bull Calves Following Castration.en_US
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.citation.volume7en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/ani7100076en_US
dc.identifier.elements-id389777
dc.relation.isPartOfAnimals (Basel)en_US
dc.citation.issue10en_US
dc.description.publication-statusPublished onlineen_US
pubs.organisational-group/Massey University
pubs.organisational-group/Massey University/College of Sciences
pubs.organisational-group/Massey University/College of Sciences/Institute of Vet, Animal & Biomed Science
dc.identifier.harvestedMassey_Dark
pubs.notesNot knownen_US


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