The hot hand phenomenon in amateur golf : examination of psychological momentum : a thesis presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in Psychology at Massey University, Albany, New Zealand
This dissertation explored the notion of the hot hand phenomenon and psychological momentum in the sport of amateur golf within two separate but interrelated studies. Study one investigated the hot hand phenomenon with a sample of amateur golfers (N - 3238). Participant's hole-by-hole scores for rounds played over a two-year period were analysed. The results showed performance on a hole was influenced by prior performance for a greater number of golfers than would expected by chance, thus supporting the notion of the hot hand phenomenon. The results are discussed in relation to previous hot hand research. The aim of Study Two was to investigate reasons behind individual and gender differences in psychological momentum after an error. A selection of participants from study one were assigned to a negative momentum, negative facilitation, or no-momentum group, by virtue of how they tend to perform after an error and posted questionnaires measuring fear of failure, telic dominance, rumination, trait anxiety, self-confidence, perfectionism, and motivation orientation. The results suggest an individual's self-confidence, telic dominance, and task orientation influence ones performance after an error. These findings provide some supporting evidence for the Vallerand et al.'s (1988) antecedents-consequences psychological momentum model and Taylor and Demick's (1994) multidimensional model of momentum.