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dc.contributor.authorMika, Jen_US
dc.contributor.authorScheyvens, Ren_US
dc.date.accessioned2021-04-27T02:16:58Z
dc.date.available2021-04-16en_US
dc.date.available2021-04-27T02:16:58Z
dc.date.issued2021-04-16en_US
dc.identifierhttps://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/09669582.2021.1912056en_US
dc.identifierhttps://www.researchgate.net/profile/Jason-Mikaen_US
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Sustainable Tourism, 2021, (Special Issue: Peace through Tourism), pp. 1 - 21 (21)en_US
dc.identifier.issn0966-9582en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10179/16315
dc.description.abstractTe Awa Tupua is an ancestor of the Māori people of Whanganui, and is also the Whanganui River, who in 2017 was formally recognised as a person. While legally conferring personhood upon an element of nature is relatively novel, it recognises a fundamental principle of indigeneity, that all things—human and nonhuman—are related. We explore intersections of peace, justice, and sustainability through Indigenous tourism in case studies of three Māori tourism enterprises on Te Awa Tupua (the Whanganui River). Our paper spotlights three findings. First, that treaty settlements elevate the status of Māori knowledge and contain elements of peace-making and economy-making as decolonising projects of self-determined development. Second, while indigeneity is foundational, we found that syncretism is evident in the sustainability of Māori tourism enterprises. Third, we uncovered a socioecological dissonance in attitudes towards commercial growth, with Māori tourism enterprises opting for slower and lower growth in favour of environmental and community wellbeing. We propose a model of Indigenous tourism called kaupapa tāpoi. We conclude by suggesting that reconciling differences in viewpoints on sustainability and growth between Māori and non-Māori tourism enterprises will require involvement of several institutional actors, starting with Te Awa Tupua.en_US
dc.format.extent1 - 21 (21)en_US
dc.languageEnglish and Māorien_US
dc.publisherRoutledgeen_US
dc.rightsThis is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.en_US
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en_US
dc.subjectTe Awa Tupuaen_US
dc.subjectindigeneityen_US
dc.subjectIndigenous tourismen_US
dc.subjectAotearoa New Zealanden_US
dc.subjectMāori tourismen_US
dc.subjectWhanganuien_US
dc.titleTe Awa Tupua: Peace, justice and sustainability through Indigenous tourismen_US
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/09669582.2021.1912056en_US
dc.description.confidentialfalseen_US
dc.identifier.elements-id444383
dc.relation.isPartOfJournal of Sustainable Tourismen_US
dc.citation.issueSpecial Issue: Peace through Tourismen_US
pubs.organisational-group/Massey University
pubs.organisational-group/Massey University/College of Humanities and Social Sciences
pubs.organisational-group/Massey University/College of Humanities and Social Sciences/School of People, Enviroment and Planning
pubs.organisational-group/Massey University/Massey Business School
pubs.organisational-group/Massey University/Massey Business School/School of Management
dc.identifier.harvestedMassey_Dark
pubs.notesNot knownen_US
dc.publisher.urihttps://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/09669582.2021.1912056en_US
dc.subject.anzsrc1503 Business and Managementen_US
dc.subject.anzsrc1506 Tourismen_US
dc.subject.anzsrc1604 Human Geographyen_US


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This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (http://
creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided
the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.