Localising indicators for the Sustainable Development Goals : a case study in Samoa on SDG indicator 4.3.1 (participation rate of youth and adults in formal and non-formal education) : a research report presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Degree of Master in International Development at Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
In July 2017, the global indicator framework comprising 17 Sustainable Development Goals
(SDG), 169 targets and 231 global indicators, was adopted by the UN General Assembly. This
framework aims to assist countries in monitoring their progress towards the goals of the Agenda
2030, allowing for global comparisons and drawing analysis of thematic issues that are
pertinent to the development discourse.
Despite SDG being widely used, Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and Small Island
Developing Countries (SIDS) in particular, have been struggling to fulfil the data needed for
reporting SDG progress.
Drawing on Samoa as a case study, this research seeks to outline how a country can localise
SDG4 global indicator 4.3.1, to take into consideration the country challenges and limitations,
as well as provide reliable measurements of its education sector development.
This research’s findings suggest that, localising SDG indicator 4.3.1 in Samoa by aligning it
with government agencies reporting requirements, could allow data collection from existing
sources and therefore help reducing the pressure on the country’s limited institutional
capacities. Localising SDG 4.3.1 could be done notably by adjusting the units of measurement
of the indicator to comprise two age ranges: 15 – 24 years old and 25 years old and over;
includes gender data in surveys and adjust government reporting to account for formal and
In localising SDG indicator 4.3.1, it would allow Samoa to meet its national and regional SDG
reporting needs. For such localisation to be successful however, it would require coordination
between ministries and organisations and commitment of financial and human resources.