Testing the Job Demands-Resource model of work engagement with a sample of Corrections officers working within New Zealand : a thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in Psychology at Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand
The aim of the research was to test the motivational process of the Job Demands-
Resources (JD-R) model of Work Engagement using a sample of 157 Corrections Officers
working within the central region of New Zealand. The JD-R model assumes that a variety
of important job resources are positively related to work engagement, especially when job
demands are high, and that the relationship between job resources and organisational
outcomes is mediated by work engagement.
Results of a two-way ANOVA revealed a significant relationship between job resources
and work engagement, regardless of whether demands were high or low. Additionally,
mediated regression analyses revealed the positive association between job resources and
organisational outcomes was partially mediated by work engagement. Results provide
partial support for the JD-R model of work engagement using a sample of Corrections
Officers. In addition, results provide support for the importance of job resources in the
workplace and the central concept of work engagement. Not only is this a valuable area of
research for employee well-being, it also has positive implications for organisational
success. Practical implications and limitations of the research are discussed.