An investigation into ITP tutors' understanding of policy and performance, to identify changes that have the potential to enhance teaching practice : a thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Education at Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
This thesis examines the reported views and experiences of tutors who work in the
institutes of technology and polytechnics (ITP) sector in New Zealand. This
phenomenographic based study focuses on elucidating these views and experiences
in order to identify changes that have the potential to enhance tutors’ teaching
practice. The choice of phenomenography as a methodology for recording and
analysing individual viewpoints – and the variation in these viewpoints – is
complemented by case study analysis, designed to present a more individualised
Although studies have been undertaken on the way in which academics perceive
working in the university sector, little research has been undertaken on the way in
which ITP tutors understand and evaluate their teaching practice. This research
revealed variations in the way that tutors: experience teaching in the ITP sector;
measure their own performance; and interpret and use policy to support their
Thirty-two volunteer tutors participated in semi-structured interviews conducted
within four ITPs and across four subject areas, namely: trades, business, art and
design, and foundation studies. Interview data was transcribed and analysed in order
to present the findings of this research, which are presented in two parts.
First, the aggregated views and experiences of tutors are marshalled into five
qualitatively different categories: understanding and modelling effective teaching;
developing and growing; building relationships; enacting government and institutional
policy; and adapting to contextual influences.
Second, the thesis presents case studies of tutors drawn from four different subject
areas. Their data was included in the categories of description before being reanalysed
and reported in the context of the five categories identified in the
The researcher has formulated eight recommendations from the findings. These
recommendations are of a long-term nature, and have the potential to enhance
teaching practice within the ITP sector.
This research provides new perspectives on tutors’ understanding and experiences
of working within the ITP sector. It demonstrates that there is marked variation in the
way in which they perceive and evaluate their performance; identifies potential gaps
in their understanding and in the institutional environment in which they are
employed; and offers recommendations for change.