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dc.contributor.authorTuñon, Gonzalo Enrique
dc.date.accessioned2013-05-13T22:49:20Z
dc.date.available2013-05-13T22:49:20Z
dc.date.issued2013
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10179/4424
dc.descriptionCh. 7. published as: Tuñon, G., Lopez-Villalobos, N., Kemp, P.D., Kennedy, E, Hennessy, D., & O'Donavan, M. (2011). Effect of pre-grazing herbage mass on grazing behaviour, grass dry matter intake and milk production of dairy cows. Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production, 71, 28-32.en
dc.description.abstractThe main objectives of this thesis were to investigate the effects of grazing severity, treading damage, re-growth interval and pre-grazing herbage mass (HM) on sward and animal performance in four experiments during 2009 and 2010 in Ireland. Experiment 1 investigated three post-grazing sward heights ranging from 3.6 to 4.9 cm during the main grazing season. Herbage accumulated and harvested (11.3 and 11.2 t dry matter (DM)/hectare (ha), respectively) were not significantly affected by grazing severity but there were sward morphological and structural differences. Experiment 2 quantified the effects of treading damage during two seasons, ranging from light to severe damage (3.3 to 13.3-cm hoof-print depths, respectively). Treading damage in a perennial ryegrass (PRG) sward on a well-drained soil did not reduce annual grass DM production. Treading in a creeping bent-dominated sward on a poorly-drained soil resulted in 14 to 51% reductions in cumulative yields depending on frequency and season. Experiment 3 examined the effects of 2-, 3- or 4-week re-growth intervals on herbage production, characteristics and tissue turnover of a PRG sward using marked tillers (n = 240) under a cutting regime. Cumulative HMs were 6.7, 9.1 and 10.4 t DM/ha for the 2-, 3- and 4-week re-growth treatments, respectively. The number of leaves appearing per tiller during the re-growth period was only optimum for the 4-week treatment. Experiment 4 also used marked tillers (n = 360) in a grazing dairy cow experiment during the main grazing season under three target pre-grazing HMs (945, 1,623 and 2,360 kg DM/ha >4 cm). The number of leaves appearing per tiller during the re-growth period was 1.0, 1.9 and 2.4 for low (L), medium (M) or high (H) pre-grazing HM treatments, respectively. Cows grazing L, M or H pre-grazing HM produced 343, 342 and 330 kg milksolids, respectively. Low pre-grazing-HM cows grazed for 90 min/day more than M and H pre-grazing-HM cows but there was no difference in individual intake (16.0 and 15.8 kg DM/cow/day in June and August, respectively). Post-grazing sward height, treading damage, re-growth interval and pregrazing HM can have a significant impact on the sward and on animal performance. The imposition of best management practice leads to a more effective conversion of grass into milk.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherMassey Universityen_US
dc.rightsThe Authoren_US
dc.subjectRyegrassesen
dc.subjectPasturesen
dc.subjectDairy cattleen
dc.subjectFeeding and feedsen
dc.subjectIrelanden
dc.titleImproving the use of perennial ryegrass swards for dairying in Ireland : a thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Agricultural Science at Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealanden
dc.typeThesisen
thesis.degree.disciplineAgricultural Scienceen
thesis.degree.grantorMassey Universityen
thesis.degree.levelDoctoralen
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)en


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