Analysis of factors that impact on the consumer risk perception of dairy product safety in China : a thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements of the degree of Masters in Agricommerce, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
Food safety is an international challenge that is felt strongly in China. A series of foodborne
diseases and food fraud scandals around world have pushed concerns over food safety even
further. With its rapid social and economic transformation in past 60 years, China is shifting
its priority from food security to food safety. Melamine contaminated baby formula and
many other food safety incidents in China have shaken Chinese consumer confidence in the
food industry and even in regulatory institutions. China is one of the fastest growing
markets for dairy products in the world. To understand how Chinese consumers form their
perception of the safety of dairy products is critical for policy makers, regulatory institutions
and the dairy industry to communicate food safety information with the consumer and
establish food safety management with transparency and consistency.
The aim of this study was to explore and evaluate factors that influence the consumers‘ risk
perception of dairy product safety in Lanzhou, northwest of China. The literature review
helped to identify a set of factors that impact on the consumers’ perception of food safety.
A model of consumer risk perception in dairy food safety was developed to gain insight into
the underlying drivers of the consumer demand for food safety. The study helped gain an
understanding of how consumer social demographic information, reliance on extrinsic and
intrinsic attributes, trust in actors and regulators in the dairy industry, personal experience
and media use that impact on the risk perceptions of consumers.
A self-completion survey was used to collect the data and provide a big picture of consumer
risk perception in food safety in China. Factor analysis was used to refine the dependent
variables to produce a data set with less dimensions and more significant correlation, and
binary logistic regression analysis identified the three significant factors that influenced the
consumers’ opinion relating to food safety. These were: family structure, reliance on third
party food safety assurance and reliance intrinsic attributes, listed in order of their
The results of this study contribute the perception of risk relating to dairy products in China.
The results will assist risk management and risk communication for policy makers and the
food industry to develop their strategies towards improving consumer confidence in food