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Feeding strategies to alleviate the effect of heat stress on growth performance in broilers: a thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Animal Science at Massey University, Manawatū, New Zealand
Broiler production is seen as critical to socio-economic development within the tropics.
With the higher and rising temperatures of the tropics, heat stress is a major challenge of
the industry. Of the many approaches used to alleviate heat stress, nutritional strategies
have been seen as more economically viable in comparison to non- nutritional strategies
used to alleviate heat stress.
The current study was done to assess both the combined and specific impact of diet density
(high fat versus low fat diets) and diet form (mash versus pelleted diets), on alleviating heat
stress in broilers. Biological responses were monitored through growth performance and
The experimental design used in the study was a 2 x 2 x 2 factorial arrangement of
treatments from day 10 to day 34 of the trial period. Birds were subject to one of eight
treatments which included a combination of one of two different temperatures (normal or
elevated), one of two different diet types (high fat or low fat) and one of two different diet
forms (mash or pellet). These treatments included Low Fat Mash under Normal
Temperature conditions (LMN), Low Fat Mash under Elevated Temperature conditions
(LME), Low Fat Pellet under Normal Temperature conditions (LPN), Low Fat Pellet under
Elevated Temperature conditions (LPE), High Fat Mash under Normal Temperature
conditions (HMN), High Fat Mash under Elevated Temperature conditions (HME), High
Fat Pellet under Normal Temperature conditions (HPN) and High Fat Pellet under Elevated
Temperature conditions (HPE).
Pellet fed birds had a higher growth performance under elevated temperature and in phase 2
(day 21 to 34), had the highest (P = 0.016) feed intake (166.9 g/b/d) compared to other
treatments which were all statistically equivalent. With respect to ileal nutrient intakes, the
intake of fat for the overall period and the intake of AME for phase 2 was highest (P =
0.045 and P = 0.018 for fat and AME respectively) on pellet fed birds housed under
elevated temperature. Also, these birds had the highest (P = 0.048) growth efficiency (16.8
MJ/kg per kilogram gain) compared to mash fed birds (18.8 MJ/kg per kilogram gain).