In vitro gastric digestion of heat-induced aggregates of β-lg

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Elsevier Inc.
An in vitro gastric digestion of heat-induced aggregates of β-lactoglobulin (β-lg) in simulated gastric fluid was investigated using sodium dodecyl sulfate-PAGE under nonreducing and reducing conditions, native-PAGE, 2-dimensional electrophoresis, and size exclusion chromatography. Heating at 90ºC significantly increased the digestibility of β-lg, with a high initial digestion rate followed by a relatively constant rate of digestion at a high enzyme:substrate (E:S) ratio of 3:1. At a low E:S ratio (1:6), the rate of digestion of β-lg was slower, and intermediate and low molecular weight species could be seen. The high molecular weight nonnative aggregates (pentamers, tetramers, trimers, etc.) were digested relatively rapidly, whereas some of the nonnative dimers were resistant to digestion and others were digested rapidly. The intermediate molecular weight species (21 to 23 kDa) were digested slowly. These results indicated that the digestibility of nonnative β-lg aggregates varied significantly depending on the E:S ratio and the types of aggregate. Further investigation is necessary to identify and characterize slowly digested dimers and intermediate molecular weight species.
NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in the Journal of Dairy Science. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version is published in Journal of Dairy Science [96,1 (2013) ]
β-lactoglobulin, Heat-induced aggregate, In vitro gastric digestibility, Pepsin
Peram, M. R., Loveday, S. M., Ye, A., & Singh, H. (2012). In vitro gastric digestion of heatinduced aggregates of β-lactoglobulin. Journal of Dairy Science, 96, 63-74.