Design and operation of post-settlement governance entities : a thesis presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master in Business Studies in Management, Massey University, Manawatū, New Zealand

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Massey University
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Post-settlement governance entities (PSGEs) are an outcome of the Treaty of Waitangi settlement process. Their main role is to hold, manage and be responsible for the collective assets received on behalf of the claimant group, most often represented by iwi (tribes). However, many PSGEs serve a much wider purpose, including social, cultural, environmental and any other purposes as determined by iwi. In their response to meeting multifarious purposes, PSGEs must ensure that their design and resulting functions are robust enough to meet such purposes. This thesis, therefore, examines factors influencing the design and operation of PSGEs. The thesis suspects that given their main role, which is to hold, manage and be responsible for collective assets, the design of PSGEs are in large part determined by legal and financial influences. As a result, these entities are rarely designed from a management view to meet other iwi-defined purposes. Through analysing relevant literature and data collected from the experiences of three PSGEs, the study found that many of the challenges encountered by the entities are not a result of their design. But rather, they are attributed to the operationalisation of their functions as per the design. Furthermore, because iwi are limited in their choice of design, they have had to learn how to adapt their entities to achieve iwi purposes. With a clearer understanding of how they would prefer to arrange their affairs, iwi will be better positioned to negotiate the design of their PSGE. In response to the evolution of not only PSGEs, but Māori entities generally, this thesis contributes to Māori management discourse in the 21st century.
Māori Masters Thesis