Gender Diversity Population Simulations in an Extended Game of Life Context

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Cellular automata studies have been instrumental in computational and biological studies for simulating life contours based on simple rule-based strategies. Game of Life (GoL) presented us with one of the earliest automata studies that led the way in exemplifying non-linear spatial representations, such as large-scale population evolution scenarios depicting species dominance, species equilibrium, and species extinction. However, the GoL was driven by interactions among vegetative entities comprising live and die states only. This paper extends GoL to gendered-GoL (g-GoL) in which male phenotypes and female phenotypes interact in an extended world to procreate. Using the g-GoL, we have demonstrated many evolution contours by applying gender-based dependence rules. Evolution scenarios have been simulated with skewed gender ratios that favor the birth of male offspring. Preference for a male child is common in certain cultures; therefore, empirical data realized with skewed gender settings in g-GoL can reveal the long-term impact of non-egalitarian gender societal structures. Our model provides a tool for the study of emergent life contours and brings awareness on current gender imbalances to strengthen multi-disciplinary research inquiry in the areas of social practices, mathematical modeling, and use of computational technologies.
Cellular automata, game of life, gender inequity, population evolution, procreation, skewed gender ratios
IEEE ACCESS, 2019, 7 pp. 92232 - 92239