A Critical Tiriti Analysis of the Pae Ora (Healthy Futures) Bill

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New Zealand Medical Association
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Aim The Pae Ora (Healthy Futures) Bill is the framework for a reformed health system intended to embed Te Tiriti o Waitangi and centre equity. The Bill is informed by the Wai 2575 Health Kaupapa Waitangi Tribunal Inquiry and the Health and Disability System Review, both of which established an urgent mandate to transform the health sector. This desktop review explores to what extent the proposed Bill is likely to uphold Te Tiriti. Method This paper uses Critical Tiriti Analysis to review the Pae Ora Bill. The analysis involves five phases: (i) orientation; (ii) close reading; (iii) determination; (iv) strengthening practice and (v) Māori final word. As part of that, a determination is made whether the Bill is silent, poor, fair, good or excellent in relation to the Preamble and the four articles (three written, one verbal) of te Tiriti o Waitangi (Māori text). Results The desktop analysis showed fair engagement with most of the Te Tiriti elements; but with good commitment to address equity issues. The Bill was silent in relation to wairuatanga (spirituality) and there is no evidence of Māori values informing it. Conclusion The dominant Crown narrative that interprets kāwanatanga as the right to govern over all peoples pervades this legislation. There are significant power sharing shifts within this Bill and these are welcomed, but whilst the Crown maintains ultimate power and authority only a partial fulfilment of Te Tiriti will be evident within the health system.
Health Status, Humans, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, New Zealand
Rae N, Came H, Baker M, McCreanor T. (2022). A Critical Tiriti Analysis of the Pae Ora (Healthy Futures) Bill.. N Z Med J. 135. 1551. (pp. 106-111).