Agricultural greenhouse gas emissions : costs associated with farm level mitigation : a thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Applied Economics in Economics at Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand

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Agricultural greenhouse gas emissions within New Zealand account for 48 percent of all national greenhouse gas emissions. With the introduction of the emissions trading scheme farmers will soon be liable for their emissions, introducing additional physical constraints and financial costs. Farmers that still operate within the sector will have two options to meet emissions targets; to purchase carbon credits from the open market, or mitigate farm level emissions at added costs to the farmer. This study examines the latter case of assessing farm level options for mitigating greenhouse gas emissions, and quantifying the physical and financial costs associated with mitigation strategies. Results show that, based on the assumptions in the study, there are available options for dairy farmers to profitably meet Kyoto protocol emissions targets. Sheep and beef farmers can increase profit, but cannot meet Kyoto protocol emissions targets, through examined scenarios.
Agricultural greenhouse gas emissions, Emissions Trading Scheme, Dairy farming and environment, New Zealand, Dairy farming