Sensory Perception of an Oral Rehydration Solution during Exercise in the Heat

dc.contributor.authorKitson O
dc.contributor.authorRutherfurd-Markwick K
dc.contributor.authorFoskett A
dc.contributor.authorLee JKW
dc.contributor.authorDiako C
dc.contributor.authorWong M
dc.contributor.authorAli A
dc.description© 2021 by the authors.
dc.description.abstractProlonged exercise in the heat elicits a number of physiological changes as glycogen stores are low and water and electrolytes are lost through sweat. However, it is unclear whether these changes provoke an increase in liking of saltiness and, therefore, palatability of an oral rehydration solution (ORS). Twenty-seven recreationally active participants (n = 13 males; n = 14 females) completed sensory analysis of an ORS, a traditional sports drink (TS), and a flavored water placebo (PL) at rest and during 60 min (3 × 20-min bouts) of cycling exercise at 70% age-predicted maximum heart rate (HRmax) at 35.3 ± 1.4 °C and 41 ± 6% relative humidity. Before and after every 20 min of exercise, drinks were rated (using 20-mL beverage samples) based on liking of sweetness, liking of saltiness, thirst-quenching ability, and overall liking on a nine-point hedonic scale. Hydration status was assessed by changes in semi-nude body mass, saliva osmolality (SOsm), and saliva total protein concentration (SPC). After 60 min of exercise, participants lost 1.36 ± 0.39% (mean ± SD) of body mass and there were increases in SOsm and SPC. At all time points, liking of sweetness, saltiness, thirst-quenching ability, and overall liking was higher for the TS and PL compared to the ORS (p < 0.05). However, the saltiness liking and thirst-quenching ability of the ORS increased after 60 min of exercise compared to before exercise (p < 0.05). There was also a change in predictors of overall liking with pre-exercise ratings mostly determined by liking of sweetness, saltiness, and thirst-quenching ability (p < 0.001), whereas only liking of saltiness predicted overall liking post-exercise (R2 = 0.751; p < 0.001). There appears to be a hedonic shift during exercise in which the perception of saltiness becomes the most important predictor of overall liking. This finding supports the potential use of an ORS as a valuable means of hydration during the latter stages of prolonged and/or intense exercise in the heat.
dc.identifierARTN 3313
dc.identifier.citationNUTRIENTS, 2021, 13 (10)
dc.publisherMDPI (Basel, Switzerland)
dc.rightsCC BY
dc.subjectsports drinks
dc.subject.anzsrc0908 Food Sciences
dc.subject.anzsrc1111 Nutrition and Dietetics
dc.titleSensory Perception of an Oral Rehydration Solution during Exercise in the Heat
dc.typeJournal article
pubs.notesNot known
pubs.organisational-group/Massey University
pubs.organisational-group/Massey University/College of Health
pubs.organisational-group/Massey University/College of Health/PVC's Office - College of Health
pubs.organisational-group/Massey University/College of Health/School of Health Science
pubs.organisational-group/Massey University/College of Health/School of Sport, Exercise and Nutrition
pubs.organisational-group/Massey University/College of Sciences
pubs.organisational-group/Massey University/College of Sciences/School of Food and Advanced Technology
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