Intelligent car parking management system : a thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Engineering in Electronic and Computer System Engineering at Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand

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Massey University
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Due to the increasing number of vehicles on the roads, traffic problems always exist. The current unmanaged car parks and transportation facilities make it difficult to accommodate the increasing number of vehicles in a proper, convinient manner so it is necessary to have a car parking management system in big car parks. This study is aimed at analysing a car parking management system. This system allocates available parking space to a given driver to park their vehicle, renews the availability of the parking space when the car leaves and computes the charges due. Implementing this system will increase parking utilization. The system does this by providing more efficient and effective parking enforcement. An image processing technique is used to implement an intelligent car parking management system at the Massey University car park. In this project a camera is used as a sensor to take photos to show the occupancy of car parks. The reason a camera is used is because with an image it can detect the presence of many cars at once. Also the camera can be easily moved to detect a different car park. By having this image, the particular car parks vacant can be known and then used to guide a driver to a car park. Software processes these images so that a driver or operator can know the vacant car parks. Since most of the cars at Massey University are in one parking area, video cameras could be used efficiently to detect many of them. This Thesis presents how a system could be made that would detect the availability of car parks and tell a driver where the available car parks are. Green circles are placed on car parks so that cameras can easily differentiate whether a car is parked in a spot or not. If there is a car on the spot then the green circle will not be seen. First an excel spreadsheet with test data was used to test, displaying where empty and full car parks are. Then a program that created random data was used to quickly see how the display would look in different conditions.
Car park management, Wireless communicaiion system