The effects of the psychosocial work environment on bullying and well-being : a thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science (Psychology) at Massey University, Albany, New Zealand

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Massey University
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Workplace bullying is a significantly harmful issue within organisations all around the world with New Zealand showing high rates. While there have been New Zealand-based workplace bullying studies conducted, research is limited regarding how the psychosocial work environment influences workplace bullying. This study examined how work environment factors including co-worker support, perceived management competence and psychosocial safety climate are related to workplace bullying and well-being. In addition, the associations with gender and job role are also investigated. This study investigated this relationship by looking at data extracted from the 2021 New Zealand Workplace Barometer and using multiple regression analyses to test the hypotheses. This study revealed the work environment is related to participants' reports of workplace bullying. The analysis found that co-worker support, perceived management competence and psychosocial safety climate have a negative relationship with workplace bullying, and workplace bullying has a negative relationship with well-being. Workplace bullying partially mediated the relationship between co-worker support and psychosocial safety climate with well-being. Finally, gender moderated the relationship between perceived management competence and psychosocial safety climate with bullying, while job role moderated the relationship between psychosocial safety climate and bullying. Overall, this study showcases the relationship between the psychosocial work environment and workplace bullying.