Dynamical modelling of the effect of insulin-like growth factor 1 on human cell growth : a thesis presented in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Mathematics at Massey University, Albany, New Zealand

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Massey University
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Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 (IGF-1) plays a vital role in human growth and development. Interactions with IGF-1 receptors and IGF-1 binding proteins (IGFBPs) regulate IGF-1 function. Boroujerdi et al. (1997) published a mathematical model describing dynamic regulation of IGF-1. We extended the Boroujerdi et al. (1997) model to evaluate the role of cyclic Gly-Pro (CGP) in dynamic regulation of IGF-1 function. Recent research from the Liggins Institute suggests that a metabolite of IGF-1, CGP, may have a role in regulating IGF-1 homeostasis, possibly through competitive binding to IGFBPs. The goal of the research was to understand the kinetics of IGF-1, IGFBPs and CGP, along with their interactions with IGF-1 receptors. This goal and an understanding of how the kinetics mediate IGF-1 function was achieved through consideration of the nonlinear dynamics of the physiology using a modelling approach. The resulting models were directly focused on three central theories. The first is that CGP can either inhibit, stimulate or maintain IGF-1 function based on the extent of receptor binding. The other theories are that CGP regulates IGF-1 through competitive binding to IGFBPs and that CGP does not directly interact with the IGF-1 receptors. Four in vitro models were developed and fitted to experimental data. These included two implicit models which relied on two feedback terms in the equations. The second model was an alteration of the first to produce a reduction in cell number levels for high doses of CGP added to the system. The other two models were explicit models, the first of which could not express the IGF-1 dynamics well (it showed no CGP response). Although the models incorporated these theories, there are other mechanisms influencing the system which will have an effect on the data. Therefore the fourth model was introduced as a simplified version of the third. This was aimed at resembling cell culture situations more closely and was designed to have the receptor bound IGF-1 dependent on IGF-1 and CGP production rates. The models can be used to predict cellular response in an in vitro situation, or as a basis for further research in this field.
Insulin-like growth factor-binding proteins, Growth factors, Human cell growth, Cells