The Arab and Arab Islamic and Muslim architecture of the Old Holy Masjid and al-Ka ʼabah : a monadic interpretation of the two holy buildings : submitted to Massey University, Wellington Campus, New Zealand in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Philosophy
This thesis covers the architecture of the Old Holy Masjid* (see Glossary) in Makkah (Mecca) and to a minor degree the architecture of al-Ka'abah* (see Glossary) also in Makkah. The shapes and spaces of those two Buildings are examined monadically applying a partial new Theory of Architectural Monadology. The Buildings' shapes and spaces are examined on their attached qualities, the way these configure and or correspond with other shapes and spaces. When attachments are made to shapes and spaces they become monads, configuring and corresponding with other monads. This draws-in the cosmos, the landscape, myth, folklore and the Qiblaat system (direction to Makkah). By accessing architecture under the umbrella of the Theory of Architectural Monadology, together with other techniques of analysis, the conclusion is reached that the Old Holy Masjid is a Building of Arab Islamic and Muslim architecture and al-Ka'abah Building of Arab architecture. The differences and similarities between these two architectures are discussed, so are their exports as design models motifs. The historically created misconceptions about the Buildings, the Buildings' chronologies and the materials used in their construction are detailed.