Light transmission, heat retention and mechanical strength property evaluation of film plastic cladding materials available in New Zealand : a thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the degree of Master of Horticultural Science in horticultural engineering at Massey University
Open Access Location
This study was conducted on film plastic cladding materials commercially available from distributors in New Zealand. Laboratory scale experiments were applied to test and evaluate the optical, thermal and mechanical properties of each of the film plastics. Optical properties tested included PAR transmissivity and the degree of UV radiation transmission through the film plastics. The radiant heat retention property of each product was evaluated through thermal transmission tests. Mechanical property evaluation required application of tear resistance, tensile strength, impact resistance and water vapour permeance tests. It was recognised that an evaluation and comparison of each of the film plastics as a full functional cladding material would be useful to both greenhouse designers and growers. Consequently, each of the products were ranked according to specific optical, thermal or mechanical properties. Upon combining these rankings, recommendations on the best film plastic cladding material, for specific applications, were supported and presented in tabular form. Experimental data and analysis consistently indicated that a PVC film plastic, a double layer co-extruded film plastic, woven PE and reinforced EVA film materials and a specific EVA type film plastic, available in New Zealand at the time of this research, will perform particularly well as greenhouse cladding materials. Purchasing evaluation, of any of the film plastics tested in this study, should further involve the cost and the susceptibility of each product to UV degradation as selection criteria.
Plastics -- Evaluation, Greenhouses, Design and construction