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Gender, security, and development : a Bougainville case study : a thesis presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Philosophy in Development Studies at Massey University, Palmerston North
Research on contemporary alignments of development and security agendas has paid
limited attention to how gender relations, roles and issues of equality are constructed
and experienced within post-conflict contexts. While practices like gender
mainstreaming have been committed to in principle and in policy by organisations
and countries heavily involved in development and security interventions, more
research is required into actual practices and outcomes.
This thesis utilises a case study, the Bougainville Community Policing Project, to
examine the efficacy of gender approaches practiced within a merged securitydevelopment
intervention. The research highlights how increased participation of
women within such interventions, while important for meeting practical gender needs,
is not in itself enough to enable more strategic gender needs to be met. In seeking to
understand more fully the gendered impacts of such interventions on communities the
prioritising of particular development issues over others, including gender equality,