A consensus proposal for nutritional indicators to assess the sustainability of a healthy diet: The mediterranean diet as a case study

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Nature Publishing Group
© 2016 Donini, Dernini, Lairon, Serra-Majem, Amiot, del Balzo, Giusti, Burlingame, Belahsen, Maiani, Polito, Turrini, Intorre, Trichopoulou and Berry. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
There is increasing evidence of the multiple effects of diets on public health nutrition, society, and environment. Sustainability and food security are closely interrelated. The traditional Mediterranean Diet (MD) is recognized as a healthier dietary pattern with a lower environmental impact. As a case study, the MD may guide innovative inter-sectorial efforts to counteract the degradation of ecosystems, loss of biodiversity, and homogeneity of diets due to globalization through the improvement of sustainable healthy dietary patterns. This consensus position paper defines a suite of the most appropriate nutrition and health indicators for assessing the sustainability of diets based on the MD.
Mediterranean diet, dietary diversity, dietary energy density, dietary nutrient density, non-communicable chronic diseases, nutrition indicators, physical activity, sustainable diets
Front Nutr, 2016, 3 pp. 37 - ?