Towards a comprehensive global approach to prevention and control of NCDs.

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© 2014 McKee et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited.
BACKGROUND: The "25×25" strategy to tackle the global challenge of non-communicable diseases takes a traditional approach, concentrating on a few diseases and their immediate risk factors. DISCUSSION: We propose elements of a comprehensive strategy to address NCDs that takes account of the evolving social, economic, environmental and health care contexts, while developing mechanisms to respond effectively to local patterns of disease. Principles that underpin the comprehensive strategy include: (a) a balance between measures that address health at the individual and population level; (b) the need to identify evidence-based feasible and effective approaches tailored to low and middle income countries rather than exporting questionable strategies developed in high income countries; (c) developing primary health care as a universal framework to support prevention and treatment; (d) ensuring the ability to respond in real time to the complex adaptive behaviours of the global food, tobacco, alcohol and transport industries; (e) integrating evidence-based, cost-effective, and affordable approaches within the post-2015 sustainable development agenda; (f) determination of a set of priorities based on the NCD burden within each country, taking account of what it can afford, including the level of available development assistance; and (g) change from a universal "one-size fits all" approach of relatively simple prevention oriented approaches to more comprehensive multi-sectoral and development-oriented approaches which address both health systems and the determinants of NCD risk factors. SUMMARY: The 25×25 is approach is absolutely necessary but insufficient to tackle the the NCD disease burden of mortality and morbidity. A more comprehensive approach is recommended.
Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Public, Environmental & Occupational Health, Non-communicable diseases, Prevention, Health systems, POST-2015 DEVELOPMENT AGENDA, PUBLIC-HEALTH, NONCOMMUNICABLE DISEASES, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, CARE, SMOKING, DETERMINANTS, COUNTRIES, POLICIES, ALCOHOL
GLOBALIZATION AND HEALTH, 2014, 10 pp. ? - ? (7)