KMT-2021-BLG-1077L: The fifth confirmed multiplanetary system detected by microlensing

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EDP Sciences on behalf of the European Southern Observatory
(c) The author/s CC BY 4.0
Aims. The high-magnification microlensing event KMT-2021-BLG-1077 exhibits a subtle and complex anomaly pattern in the region around the peak. We analyze the lensing light curve of the event with the aim of revealing the nature of the anomaly. Methods. We test various models in combination with several interpretations: that the lens is a binary (2L1S), the source is a binary (1L2S), both the lens and source are binaries (2L2S), or the lens is a triple system (3L1S). We search for the best-fit models under the individual interpretations of the lens and source systems. Results. We find that the anomaly cannot be explained by the usual three-body (2L1S and 1L2S) models. The 2L2S model improves the fit compared to the three-body models, but it still leaves noticeable residuals. On the other hand, the 3L1S interpretation yields a model explaining all the major anomalous features in the lensing light curve. According to the 3L1S interpretation, the estimated mass ratios of the lens companions to the primary are ~1.56 A - 10a- 3 and ~1.75 A - 10a- 3, which correspond to ~1.6 and ~1.8 times the Jupiter/Sun mass ratio, respectively, and therefore the lens is a multiplanetary system containing two giant planets. With the constraints of the event time-scale and angular Einstein radius, it is found that the host of the lens system is a low-mass star of mid-to-late M spectral type with amass of Mh = 0.14a- 0.07+0.19 MI, and it hosts two gas giant planets with masses of Mp1 = 0.22a- 0.12+0.31 MJ and Mp2 = 0.25a- 0.13+0.35. The planets lie beyond the snow line of the host with projected separations of aap1 = 1.26a- 1.08+1.41 AU and aap2 = 0.93a- 0.80+1.05 AU. The planetary system resides in the Galactic bulge at a distance of DL = 8.24a- 1.16+1.02 kpc. The lens of the event is the fifth confirmed multiplanetary system detected by microlensing following OGLE-2006-BLG-109L, OGLE-2012-BLG-0026L, OGLE-2018-BLG-1011L, and OGLE-2019-BLG-0468L.
gravitational lensing, micro – planets and satellites, detection
Han C, Gould A, Bond IA, Kil Jung Y, Albrow MD, Chung SJ, Hwang KH, Ryu YH, Shin IG, Shvartzvald Y, Yee JC, Zang W, Cha SM, Kim DJ, Kim SL, Lee CU, Lee DJ, Lee Y, Park BG, Pogge RW, Kim D, Abe F, Barry RK, Bennett DP, Bhattacharya A, Fujii H, Fukui A, Hirao Y, Itow Y, Kirikawa R, Koshimoto N, Kondo I, Matsubara Y, Matsumoto S, Miyazaki S, Muraki Y, Olmschenk G, Okamura A, Ranc C, Rattenbury NJ, Satoh Y, Silva SI, Sumi T, Suzuki D, Toda T, Tristram PJ, Vandorou A, Yama H. (2022). KMT-2021-BLG-1077L: The fifth confirmed multiplanetary system detected by microlensing. Astronomy and Astrophysics. 662.